Thursday , 27 April 2017

How To Create Robots .txt File For WordPress Blog

The Robots Exclusion Standard was created in 1994 to ensure that site owners could recommend search engines how you can crawl your site . The main difference being that the robots .txt file will stop search engines from viewing a webpage or directory , meanwhile the robots meta tag merely controls whether it is indexed .Setting a robots .txt file in the root of the domain enables you to stop search engines indexing sensitive files as well as directories . For instance , you can stop the search engines from crawling the pictures folder or from indexing a PDF file which is positioned in a secret folder .how to create and manage robots.txt in wordpress

Leading searches will stick to the rules which you set . Remember , in spite of this , that the guidelines you explain in the robots .txt file will never be enforced . Crawlers for risky software and also poor search engines may not adhere to the guidelines and also index whatever they want . Fortunately , major search engines stick to the standard , including Google , Bing , Yandex , Ask , and Baidu .

In this post , I would really like to show you How To Create Robots .txt File For WordPress and also provide you with what files as well as directories you might want to hide from search engines for a WordPress site .

The Standard Guidelines of the Robots Exclusion Standard

A robots .txt file could be produced in secs . All you need to do is open a text editor and also save a blank file as robots .txt . As soon as you have added some guidelines to the file , save the file and also upload it to the root of the domain i .e . www .yourwebsite .com/robots .txt . Please make sure you upload robots .txt to the root of the domain -even though WordPress is installed in a subdirectory .

I would recommend file permissions of 644 for the file . Most web hosting setups would setup that file with those permissions as soon as you upload the file . Its also wise to check out the WordPress plugin WP Robots Txt– that allows you to change the robots .txt file instantly by means of the WordPress admin area . It is going to save you from having to re-upload the robots .txt file by means of FTP each and every time you change it .

How To Create Robots .txt File For WordPress Blog

Search engines will look for a robots .txt file at the root of the domain when they crawl your site . Please bear in mind that another robots .txt file will have to be configured for each subdomain and also for other protocols like https ://www .yourwebsite .com .

It will not take long to obtain the full knowledge of the robots exclusion standard , because there are just a few principles to understand . All these guidelines are generally known as directives .

The 2 main directives of the standard are :

  • User-agent – Defines the search engine that a guideline applies to
  • Disallow – Recommends the search engines not to crawl and also index a file , page , or perhaps directory.

An asterisk ( * ) can be utilized like a wildcard with User-agent to refer to all of the search engines . For instance , you can include the following to your site robots .txt file to stop search engines from crawling your entire site .

User-agent: *
Disallow: /

The above directive is helpful in case you are building a brand new site and also do not wish search engines to index the incomplete site .

Some sites make use of the disallow directive without a forward slash to state that a site could be crawled . This enables search engines full usage of your site .

The following code says that most search engines could crawl your site . There is absolutely no reason to insert this code by itself in a robots .txt file , like search engines would crawl your site even though you do not define add this code to the robots .txt file . In spite of this , it could be utilized at the end of a robots .txt file to refer to all the user agents .

User-agent: *
Disallow: /

You can observe in the example below that We have given the pictures folder by /images/ and not www .yourwebsite .com/images/ . It is because robots .txt makes use of relative paths , not complete URL paths . The forward slash ( / ) describes the root of a domain so therefore applies rules to your entire site . Paths are case sensitive , so make sure to utilize the right case while defining files , webpages , and also directories .

User-agent: *
Disallow: /images/

To be able to describe instructions for particular search engines , you should know the name of the search engine spider ( aka the user agent ) . Googlebot-Image , for instance , will certainly determine guidelines for the Google Images spider .

User-agent: Googlebot-Image
Disallow: /images/

Please be aware that when you are describing particular user agents , it is very important to list them at the beginning of the robots .txt file . Then you can make use of User-agent : * in the end to match any user agents which were not explained specifically .

It is not always search engines that crawl your site- that is why the phrase user agent , robot , and bot , is often utilized rather than the phrase crawler . The number of internet bots which could possibly crawl your site is huge . The site Bots versus Browsers currently lists around 1 .4 million user agents in the database so this number continues to grow every day . The list consists of browsers , gaming devices , operating systems , bots , etc

Bots versus Browsers is a strong reference for checking the details of a user agent which you have never heard of before . You can even reference User-Agents .org and also User Agent String . Fortunately , you no longer need to be aware of a long listing of user agents and also search engine crawlers . You just have to understand the names of bots and crawlers that you would like to apply specific rules to – and also use the * wildcard to apply rules to all search engines for anything else .

Here are some common search engine spiders that you might want to use :

  • Bingbot – Bing
  • Googlebot – Google
  • Googlebot-Image – Google Images
  • Googlebot-News – Google News
  • Teoma – Ask

Note that Google Analytics will not natively demonstrate search engine crawling website traffic as search engine robots will not activate Javascript . In spite of this , Google Analytics could be develop to display information regarding the search engine robots that crawl your site . Log file analyzers which are offered by most hosting providers , like Webalizer and also AWStats , do show details about crawlers .

I like to recommend reviewing these stats for your site to obtain a much better idea of just how search engines are interacting with your site content material .

Non Standard Robots .txt Guidelines

User-agent and also Disallow are covered by all crawlers , however a few more directives are available . These are generally referred to as non-standard because they are not supported by all crawlers . In spite of this , in practice , the majority of search engines assist these directives also .

  • Allow – Recommends the search engines that it could index a file or directory
  • Sitemap – Defines the location of your site sitemap
  • Crawl-delay – Defines the number of seconds between requests to your server
  • Host – Recommends the search engine of your own preferred domain if you use mirrors

It is not needed to utilize the allow directive to recommend the search engines to crawl your site , because it will do that by default . In spite of this , the principle is helpful in some circumstances . For instance , you could define a directive that blocks all of the search engines from crawling your site , however permit a particular search engine , like Bing , to crawl .You can even make use of the directive to enable crawling of a certain file or directory -even though the rest of your site is blocked .

User-agent: Googlebot-Image
Disallow: /images/
Allow: /images/background-images/
Allow: /images/wordpress.png

Note this code :

User-agent: *
Allow: /

Generates the identical outcome as this code :

User-agent: *
Disallow: /

Since I stated earlier , you might never utilize the allow directive to recommend the search engines to crawl a site because it does that by default .

Amazingly , the allow directive was very first stated in a draft of robots .txt in 1996 , however was not implemented by most search engines until several years later .

Ask .com makes use of “Disallow :” to enable crawling of certain directories . Whereas Google as well as Bing both take full advantage of the allow directive to make sure that particular areas of their sites are still crawlable . In the event you see their robots .txt files , you can observe that the allow directive is actually used by subdirectories as well as files and pages under directories which are hidden . Therefore , the allow directive needs to be utilized in conjunction with the disallow rule .

User-agent: Bingbot
Disallow: /files
Allow: /files/eBook-subscribe.pdf/

Multiple directives could be explained for the same user agent . As a result , you could expand the robots .txt file to indicate numerous directives . It simply depends upon just how particular you would like to be as to what search engines could as well as could not do ( observe that there is certainly a limit to the number of lines you could add , however I will talk about this later ) .

Describing the sitemap can help search engines track down the sitemaps quicker . This , in turn , will help them locate your site content and also index it .You may use the Sitemap directive to describe many sitemaps in your robots .txt file .

Observe that it is not required to define a user agent when you specify exactly where the sitemaps are situated . Furthermore remember that your sitemap must assist the guidelines you specify in the robots .txt file . That is , there is absolutely no point listing webpages in the sitemap for crawling if your robots .txt file disallows crawling of these webpages .

A sitemap could be positioned at anyplace in the sitemap . Usually , site owners list their sitemap in the beginning or perhaps near the end of the robots .txt file .

  • Sitemap: http://www.yourwebsite.com/sitemap_index.xml
  • Sitemap: http://www.yourwebsite.com/page-sitemap.xml
  • Sitemap: http://www.yourwebsite.com/post-sitemap.xml
  • Sitemap: http://www.yourwebsite.com/category-sitemap.xml
  • Sitemap: http://www.yourwebsite.com/post_tag-sitemap.xml

Several search engines like Google assist the crawl delay directive . This enables you to determine the number of seconds between requests on your server , for a particular user agent .

User-agent: teoma
Crawl-delay: 20

Notice that Google will not support the crawl delay directive . To modify the crawl rate of Google’s search engine spider , you have to log in to Google Webmaster Tools and also click Website Settings .site_setting_in_webmaster_tool

You may then have the ability to change the crawl delay from 500 secs to 0 .5 secs . There is absolutely no method to insert a value directly- you have to select the crawl rate by sliding a selector . Furthermore , there is absolutely no approach to set distinct crawl rates for each and every Google spider . For instance , you are unable to define one crawl rate for Google Pictures and also another for Google News . The rate you determine is utilized for most Google crawlers .site_setting

A couple of search engines , such as Google along with the Russian search engine Yandex , allow you to make use of the host directive . This enables a site with many mirrors to determine the preferred domain . It is specially effective for big sites which have setup mirrors to manage big bandwidth necessities because of downloads as well as media .

I have never applied the host directive on a site myself , however evidently you have to put it at the bottom part of the robots .txt file after the crawl delay directive . Make sure you accomplish this if you are using the directive in your site robots .txt file .

Host: www.mywebsite.com

As you have seen , the guidelines of the robots exclusion standard are straightforward . Remember that if the rules you determine out in the robots .txt file struggle with the guidelines you explain using a robots meta tag- the much more restricted rule would be applied by the search engine .

Advanced Robots .txt Techniques

The search engines , like Google as well as Bing , support the usage of wildcards in robots .txt . These are very helpful for denoting files of the similar type . An asterisk ( * ) is often used to match up of a sequence . For instance , the following code would blog a range of pictures which have logo in the beginning .

User-agent: *
Disallow: /images/Wordpress*.jpg

The code above will disallow pictures within the pictures folder like WordPress .jpg , WordPress1 .jpg , WordPress2 .jpg . WordPressnew .jpg , and also WordPress-old .jpg .

Remember that the asterisk will work absolutely nothing in case it is located by the end of a rule . For instance , Disallow : about .html* is just like Disallow : about .html . You can , however , make use of the code below to block content in every directory that will start with the word test . This could hide directories known as test , testsite , test-123 and so on .

User-agent: *
Disallow: /test*/

Wildcards are helpful for stopping search engines from crawling files of a specific type and webpages which have a particular prefix . For instance , to stop search engines from crawling all the PDF documents within the downloads folder , you could utilize this code :

User-agent: *
Disallow: /downloads/*.pdf

So you can stop search engines from crawling the wp-admin , wp-includes , and also wp-content directories , by utilizing this code :

User-agent: *
Disallow: /wp-*/

Wildcards can be utilized in several locations in a directive . In the illustration below , you can observe that I have applied a wildcard to represent any picture that starts with TrendyUpdates . I have altered the year as well as month directory names with wildcards to ensure that any image is included – no matter what the month or year it was uploaded .

User-agent: *
Disallow: /wp-content/uploads/*/*/trendyupdates*.jpg

You may also utilize wildcards to denote a part of the URL which contains a specific character or series of characters . For instance , you could block any kind of URL which contains a questions mark ( ? ) by utilizing this code :

User-agent: *
Disallow: /*?*

The following command will stop search engines from crawling any kind of Link that starts with a quote :

User-agent: *
Disallow: /”

Something that We have not handled upon until now is the fact that robots .txt utilizes prefix matching . Which means that making use of Disallow : /dir/ will block search engines like Google from a directory known as /dir/ and also from directories like /dir/directory2/ , /dir/test .html , and so on .

It also is applicable to file names . Think about the following command for robots .txt :

User-agent: *
Disallow: /Page.php

As you may understand , the above code will stop search engines from crawling page .php . Yet , it may also stop search engines like Google from crawling /page .php ?id=25 and also /page .php ?id=2&ref=google . In brief , robots .txt would block any extension to the Link you block . Therefore blocking www .yourwebsite .com/123 may also block www .yourwebsite .com/123456 and also www .yourwebsite .com/123abc .

Most of the time , it is the preferred effect-but it is easier to indicate the end of a path to ensure that certainly no other URL’s are affected . To do that , you can utilize the dollar sign ( $ ) wildcard . It is really used whenever a site owner really wants to block a particular type of file type .

Within my previous illustration of blocking page .php , we could make sure that only page .php is blocked by adding the $ wildcard by the end of the rule .

User-agent: *
Disallow: /page.php$

And also we could utilize it to make sure that only the /dir/ directory is blocked , not /dir/directory2/ or /dir/test .html .

User-agent: *
Disallow: /dir/$

Lots of site owners utilize the $ wildcard to specify exactly what types of pictures Google Images could crawl :

User-agent: Googlebot-Image
Disallow:
Allow: /*.png$
Allow: /*.jpeg
Allow: /*.jpg$
Allow: /*.gif$
Allow: /*.ico$
Allow: /*.jpg$
Allow: /images/

My earlier instances of blocking PDF and also JPG files could not utilize a $ wildcard . We have always been under the feeling that it was not required to utilize it , since similar to a PDF , Word document , or even image file , will not possess any suffix to the URL . That is , .pdf , .doc , or .png , could be the absolute end of the Link .

In spite of this , for a lot of site owners , it really is common practice to attach the $ wildcard . During the course of my research with this article , I was not able to find any kind of documentation that says exactly why it is needed . In the event you are aware of the technical cause of performing it , please let me know and also I would update this article .

Remember that wildcards are not supported by all crawlers , to ensure you might find that some search engines will never comply with the rules you define . Search engines which do not support wildcards would treat * as though it is a character you would like to allow or disallow .Google , Bing and also Ask , do positively support wildcards . If you see the Google robots .txt file , you will notice that Google use wildcards by themselves .

Commenting The Robots .txt Code

It will be to your best benefit to enter into the practice of documenting the code in the robots .txt file . It will help you immediately recognize the rules you have added whenever you refer to it later .

You could publish comments in the robots .txt file utilizing the hash symbol # :

# Block Google Images from crawling the images folder

User-agent: Googlebot-Image
Disallow: /images/

A comment could be placed at the beginning of a line or just after a directive :

User-agent: Googlebot-Image # The Google Images crawler
Disallow: /images/ # Hide the images folder

I motivate you to go into the habit of commenting the robots .txt file from the beginning like it can help you understand the rules you build while you review the file at a later date .

Exactly what to Place in a WordPress Robots .txt File

The great advantage of the robots exclusion standard is the fact that you could see the robots .txt file of any site on the web ( as long as they have uploaded one ) . All you need to do is go to www .websitename .com/robots .txt .

In the event you take a look at the robots .txt file of certain WordPress sites , you will notice that site owners explain distinct rules for search engines .

TrendyUpdates  presently makes use of the following code in their robots .txt file :

User-agent: *
Disallow: /cgi-bin/
Disallow: /wp-admin/
Disallow: /wp-content/
Disallow: /wp-includes/
Disallow: /comments/feed/
Disallow: /trackback/
Disallow: /index.php
Disallow: /xmlrpc.php

As you have seen , Stylish Themes just blocks 3 directories from being crawled and also indexed . WordPress co-founder Matt Mullenweg makes use of the following code on his own blog :

User-agent: *
Disallow:

User-agent: Mediapartners-Google*
Disallow:

User-agent: *
Disallow: /dropbox
Disallow: /contact
Disallow: /blog/wp-login.php
Disallow: /blog/wp-admin

Matt blocks a dropbox folder along with a contact folder . He additionally blocks the WordPress sign in webpage along with the WordPress admin area .

WordPress .org has the following in their robots .txt file :

User-agent: *
Disallow: /search
Disallow: /support/search.php
Disallow: /extend/plugins/search.php
Disallow: /plugins/search.php
Disallow: /extend/themes/search.php
Disallow: /themes/search.php
Disallow: /support/rss
Disallow: /archive/

8 distinct guidelines are defined in WordPress .org’s robots .txt file and also 6 of these guidelines signify search webpages . Their RSS webpage is also hidden , as is an archive webpage which does not even exist ( which indicates it has not been updated in yrs ) .

The most fascinating factor regarding the WordPress .org robots .txt file is it will not follow the suggestions they recommend for adding to a robots .txt file . They recommend the following :

Sitemap: http://www.example.com/sitemap.xml

# Google Image
User-agent: Googlebot-Image
Disallow:
Allow: /*

# Google AdSense
User-agent: Mediapartners-Google
Disallow:

# digg mirror
User-agent: duggmirror
Disallow: /

# global
User-agent: *
Disallow: /cgi-bin/
Disallow: /wp-admin/
Disallow: /wp-includes/
Disallow: /wp-content/plugins/
Disallow: /wp-content/cache/
Disallow: /wp-content/themes/
Disallow: /trackback/
Disallow: /feed/
Disallow: /comments/
Disallow: /category/*/*
Disallow: */trackback/
Disallow: */feed/
Disallow: */comments/
Disallow: /*?
Allow: /wp-content/uploads/

The above code continues to be published on a large number of weblogs like the best rules to add to the robots .txt file . The code was initially posted on WordPress .org many years ago as well as has remained unchanged . The point that the recommended code disallows the spider of Digg demonstrates just how old it will be ( it will be , afterall , several years since anybody concerned about “The Digg Effect“ ) .

In spite of this , the rules of the robots exclusion standard have not altered because the webpage was first published . It is really suggested that you simply stop search engines from crawling essential web directories like wp-admin , wp-includes , as well as your plugin , themes , and also cache directories . It is advisable to hide the cgi-bin as well as your RSS feed . Yoast mentioned in an article 2 yrs back that it is more beneficial not to hide your site feed since it works like a sitemap for Google .

Yoast requires a small strategy to robots .txt file . 2 yrs before , he recommended the following to WordPress users :

User-Agent: *
Disallow: /wp-content/plugins/

His present robots .txt file possesses a few extra lines , however in general it stays the similar to the one he previously recommended . Yoast’s minimal approach stems from his perception that lots of significant webpages should be hidden from search results by utilizing a tag .

WordPress developer Jeff Starr , writer of the awesome Digging Into WordPress , requires an unique method .

His existing robots .txt file appears like this :

User-agent: *
Disallow: /wp-admin/
Disallow: /wp-content/
Disallow: /wp-includes/
Disallow: /comment-page-
Disallow: /trackback/
Disallow: /xmlrpc.php
Disallow: /blackhole/
Disallow: /mint/
Disallow: /feed/
Allow: /tag/mint/
Allow: /tag/feed/
Allow: /wp-content/images/
Allow: /wp-content/online/
Sitemap: http://perishablepress.com/sitemap.xml

Along with blocking wp-admin , wp-content , and also wp-includes- Jeff stops search engines like Google from viewing trackbacks along with the WordPress xmlrpc .php ( a file that enables you to publish articles to your blog via blog a client ) . Comment webpages are also blocked . In case you don’t break the webpages into comments , then you may wish to consider blocking additional comment webpages also .break_comment

Jeff also stops crawlers from viewing his RSS feed , a blackhole directory he setup for bad bots , along with a private directory referred to as mint . Jeff makes a point of enabling tags for mint or feed to be seen , as well as his pictures along with a directory named online that he utilizes for demos and scripts . Finally , Jeff defines the place of his sitemap for search engines .

Exactly what to Include in Robots .txt File

I understand that lots of you are scanning this article who just wish the code to place in your robots .txt file or move ahead . In spite of this , it is essential that you are aware of the guidelines which you specify for search engines . Additionally it is essential to identify that there are absolutely no agreed upon standard on exactly what to include in the robots .txt file .

Now we have noticed this above with the distinct strategies of WordPress developer Jeff Starr and Joost de Valk ( AKA Yoast ) -2 people who are fairly recognised as WordPress experts . We have also observed that the recommendation provided on WordPress .org has not been updated in many yrs and also their robots .txt file would not follow their very own recommendation -rather focusing on blocking search functionality .

We have transformed the contents of my blog’s robots .txt files many times over the yrs . My existing robots .txt file began to take motivation from Jeff Starr’s robots .txt recommendations , AskApache’s suggestions , and also advice from several other developers that I value as well as trust .

Currently , my robots .txt file appears like this :

Sitemap: http://www.trendyupdates.com/sitemap.xml
Sitemap: http://www.trendyupdates.com/sitemap-image.xml

User-agent: *
Disallow: /cgi-bin/
Disallow: /wp-admin/
Disallow: /wp-content/
Disallow: /wp-includes/
Disallow: /comments/feed/
Disallow: /trackback/
Disallow: /index.php
Disallow: /xmlrpc.php

User-agent: Mediapartners-Google*
Allow: /

User-agent: Googlebot-Image
Allow: /wp-content/uploads/

User-agent: Adsbot-Google
Allow: /

User-agent: Googlebot-Mobile
Allow: /

My robots .txt file stops search engines from crawling the essential directories that I stated earlier . I also make a point of allowing crawling of my uploads folder to ensure that pictures could get indexed .

We have usually considered the code in my robots .txt file versatile . In case new info arises that reveals that I must modify the code I am making use of , I am going to gladly change the file . Similarly , when I insert new directories to my site or perhaps find that a webpage or directory has been improperly indexed , I would adjust the file . The key would be to develop the robots .txt file as and when required .

I motivate one to pick among the above instances of robots .txt for your site after which modify it suitably for your site . Be aware of , it is vital that you understand all the directives which you add to the robots .txt file . The Robots Exclusion Standard is useful to stop search engines crawling files and also directories which you do not want indexed , in spite of this in the event you insert the incorrect code , you might end up blocking essential webpages from being crawled .

The Maximum Size of a Robots .txt File

In accordance with an article on AskApache , you should not utilize more than two hundred disallow lines in the robots .txt file .Sadly , they never give any kind of evidence in the article that says exactly why this is the case .

In 2006 , some members of Webmaster World revealed seeing a message from Google that the robots .txt file should be approximately 5 ,000 characters . This may possibly workout to be around 200 lines in case we believe approximately 25 characters per line ; which is certainly where AskApache obtained this figure of 200 disallow lines from Google’s John Mueller responded the issue a few years later .

Make sure to verify the size of the robots .txt file if it possesses a few hundred lines of text . In case the file is bigger than 500kb , you will need to lessen the size of the file or perhaps you might end up with an incomplete rule being utilized . Testing The Robots .txt File

you will find several ways in which you could check the robots .txt file . One option is to apply the Blocked URLs characteristic , that can be found under the Crawl section in Google Webmaster Tools .robots.txt_tester

The tool would display the contents of the website’s robots .txt file . The code which is shown is produced by the last copy of robots .txt that Google retrieved from your site . Thus , in case you updated the robots .txt file since then , the existing version may not be shown . Fortunately , you could insert any kind of code you would like into the box . This enables one to test new robots .txt guidelines , however keep in mind that it is just for testing needs i .e . still you have to update the site robots .txt file .

You could check the robots .txt code against any URL you want . The Googlebot crawler is utilized to check the robots .txt file by default . In spite of this , you could also select from 4 other user agents . This consists of Google-Mobile , Google-Image , Mediapartners-Google ( Adsense ) , and also Adsbot-Google ( Adwords ) .results_of_robots

The outcomes would highlight any errors in the robots .txt file ; for example linking to a sitemap which does not exist . This is an ideal way of viewing any mistakes that require correcting .

One more robots .txt analyzer I would like can be found on Motoricerca . It would highlight any commands which you have entered that are not supported or not configured appropriately ..motoricerca-robots-checker

You will need to verify the code in the robots .txt file utilizing a robots .txt analyzer before you add the code to your site robots .txt file . This would make sure that you have never inserted any lines incorrectly .

Concluding Ideas

The Robots Exclusion Standard is an effective tool for advising search engines exactly what to crawl and also exactly what not to crawl . It will not take long to realize the fundamentals of making a robots .txt file , in spite of this if you wish to block a series of URL’s making use of wildcards , it could get a little complicated . Therefore make sure to make use of a robots .txt analyzer to make sure that the guidelines have been setup in the way that you want them .

Always remember to upload robots .txt to the root of the directory and also make sure to regulate the code in your robots .txt file appropriately if WordPress is installed in a subdirectory . For instance , in the event you installed WordPress at www .yourwebsite .com/blog/ , you might disallow the path /blog/wp-admin/ instead of /wp-admin/ .

You might be astonished to hear that search engines could list a blocked URL if other sites link to that webpage . Matt Cutts describes just how this could happen in the video below :

I really hope you will have discovered this article on generating a robots .txt file for your web site helpful . I like to recommend generating a robots .txt file for your own personal web site as well as analyze the outcomes via an analyzer to enable you to find an idea for exactly how points work .So please tell in comment this article really work for you? and In Case you find any problem in How To Create Robots .txt File For WordPress Blog you can simply tell me in comments and keep supporting.

About nitish sharma

Nitish Sharma is a web developer, Web Designer and SEO Consultant who has been working since 2012 and is managing several successful websites on the internet for last 2 years. Nitish Sharma can help you in Web development, Make Money, SEO and Online Marketing related issues, if you want to know more about him then click here.

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